SriVari Bramhotsavam Tirumala History – As stated in Puranas
The annual Bramhosthavam of Lord Venkateswara is mega religious event conducted over nine days in the months of September and October. It attracts millions of devotees from all part of the world.
Tremendous importance is attached to the festival, which overshadows all other festivals at the temple.
It is believed that Lord Bramha himself descends to earth to conduct the festival and hence the name – Bramhosthavam. Sri Venkatesa Sahasranamastotra contains specific references to Lord Bramha conducting the festival. A small empty chariot- ‘Bramha Ratham’ – move ahead of the twice-daily procession of the processional diety on the days of the festival.
The earliest reference to Brahmotsavam can be traced back to the year 966 CE according to various epigraphic inscriptions.
The inscriptions detail endowments made by Pallava Queen Samavi for the conduct of the religious fair. Her descendants and other successive kings and emperors of different dynasties who ruled the place took it forward. According to epigraphic descriptions, the festival was performed as many as 12 times a year until 1582 CE.
The bejewelled processional deities of Lord Malayappa Swamy and his two divine consorts, Sridevi and Bhoodevi, are brought out in a grand procession on different Vahanams twice a day during the festival period, providing a celestial feast to the eyes of the devout. Each procession is preceded by several religious, cultural and bhajan troupes. A battery of Vedic pundits reciting Divya Prabhandham heads the daily processions of the Lord under the guidance of the chief priests of the hill temple. Dozens of caparisoned elephants, horses and bull form part of the cavalcade, in addition to the temple band.
The day before the Bramhosthavam, the commander-in-chief of the army of the Lord’s domain – Sri Vishwaksena- goes around the thoroughfares of the temple town supervising the arrangements. In the course of his inspections, he collects the sacred earth (Mritsangrahanam) required for the Yagasala inside the temple.
As a prelude to the religious festival, priests ceremonially carryout Ankurarpanam( the process of making a Sankalpa or resolution to celebrate the Utsavam) inside the temple. Navadhanyams – nine different grain seeds – are ceremonially sowed for generation in new earthen pots at the Yagasala inside the temple to symbolically usher fertility, prosperity and plenty.
Srivari Bramhotsavam Tirumala Photo Gallery
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